Home | Welcome Letter from the Unit President | Unit History | Research by Members of the 64th | Events Calendar | Photo Gallery of today's 64th | The Recruiter's Tent

Previous Page

Home

Next Page

 

ARTICLE III.

Oblique March in Line of Battle.

101. The company being in the direct march, when the instructor shall wish to cause it to march obliquely, he will command:

1. Right (or left) oblique.  2. MARCH.

102. At the command march, the company will take the oblique step.  The men will accurately observe the principles prescribed in the S. S., No. 340.  The rear-rank men will preserve their distances, and march in rear of the man next on the right (or left) of their habitual file leaders.

103. When the instructor wishes the direct march to be resumed, he will command:

1. Forward.  2. MARCH.

104. At the command march, the company will resume the direct march.  The instructor will move briskly twenty paces in front of the captain, and facing the company, will place himself exactly in the prolongation of the captain and covering sergeant; and then, by a sign, will move the directing sergeant on the same line, if he be not already on it; the latter will immediately take two points on the ground between himself and the instructor, and as he advances, will take new points of direction, as is explained No. 89.

105. In the oblique march, the men not having the touch of elbows, the guide will always be on the side toward which the oblique is made, without any indication to that effect being given; and when the direct march is resumed, the guide will be, equally without indication, on the side where it was previous to the oblique.

106. The instructor will, at first, cause the oblique to be made toward the side of the guide.  He will also direct the captain to have an eye on the directing sergeant, in order to keep on the same perpendicular line to the front with him, while following a parallel direction.

107. During the continuance of the march, the instructor will be watchful that the men follow parallel directions, in conforming to the principles prescribed in the school of the soldier, for preserving the general alignment; whenever the men lose the alignment, he will be careful that they regain it by lengthening or shortening the step, without altering the cadence, or changing the direction.

108. The instructor will place himself in front of the company and face to it, in order to regulate the march of the directing sergeant, or the man who is on the flank toward which the oblique is made, and to see that the principles of the march are properly observed, and that the files do not crowd.

ARTICLE IV.

To Mark Time, to March in Double Quick Time, and the Back Step.

109. The company being in the direct march and in quick time, the instructor, to cause it to mark time, will command:

1. Mark time.  2. MARCH.

110. To resume the march, be will command:

1. Forward.  2. MARCH.

111. To cause the march in double quick time, the instructor will command:

1. Double quick.  2. MARCH.

112. The command march will be pronounced at the instant either foot is coming to the ground.

113. To resume quick time, the instructor will command:

1. Quick time.  2. MARCH.

114. The command march will be pronounced at the instant either foot is coming to the ground.

115. The company being at a halt, the instructor may cause it to march in the back step; to this effect, he will command:

1. Company backward.  2. MARCH.

116. The back step will be executed according to the principles prescribed in the S. S., No. 256, but the use of it being rare, the instructor will not cause more than fifteen or twenty steps to be taken in succession, and to that extent but seldom.

117. The instructor ought not to exercise the company in marching in double quick time, till the men are well established in the length and swiftness of the pace in quick-time; he will then endeavor to render the march of one hundred and sixty-five steps in the minute equally easy and familiar, and also cause them to observe the same erectness of body and composure of mind, as if marching in quick time.

118. When marching in double quick time, if a subdivision (in a column) has to change direction by turning, or has to form into line, the men will quicken the pace to one hundred and eighty steps in a minute.  The same swiftness of step will be observed under all circumstances where great rapidity of movement is required.  But, as ranks of men cannot march any length of time at so swift a rate, without breaking or confusion, this acceleration will not be considered a prescribed exercise, and accordingly companies or battalions will only be habitually exercised in the double quick time of one hundred and sixty-five steps in the minute.

ARTICLE V.

To march in retreat.

119. The company being halted and correctly aligned, when the instructor shall wish to cause it to march in retreat, he will command:

1. Company.  2. About—FACE.

120. The company having faced to the rear, the instructor will place himself in front of the directing file, conforming to what is prescribed No. 84.

121. The instructor, being correctly established on the prolongation of the directing file, will command:

3. Company, forward.

122. At this, the directing sergeant will conform himself to what is prescribed Nos. 86 and 87, with this difference – he will place himself six paces in front of the line of file closers, now leading.

123. The covering sergeant will step into the line of file closers, opposite to his interval, and the captain will place himself in the rear-rank, now become the front.

124. This disposition being promptly made, the instructor will command:

4. MARCH.

125. At this, the directing sergeant, the captain, and the men, will conform themselves to what is prescribed No. 89, and following.

126. The instructor will cause to be executed, marching in retreat, all that is prescribed for marching in advance; the commands and the means of execution will be the same.  When marching in open order, the captain will remain in the front, and the covering sergeant in the rear-rank.

127. The instructor having halted the company, will, when he may wish, cause it to face to the front, by the commands prescribed No. 119.  The captain, the covering sergeant, and the directing sergeant, will resume their habitual places in line, the moment they shall have faced about.

128. The company being in march by the front-rank, if the instructor should wish it to march in retreat, he will cause the right about to be executed while marching, and to this effect will command:

1. Company.  2. Right about.  3. MARCH.

129. At the third command, the company will promptly face about, and recommence the march by the rear-rank.

130. The directing sergeant will face about with the company, and will move rapidly six paces in front of the file closers, and upon the prolongation of the guide.  The instructor will place him in the proper direction by the means prescribed No. 104.  The captain, the covering sergeant, and the men, will conform to the principles prescribed for the march in retreat.

131. When the instructor wishes the company to march by the front-rank, be will give the same commands, and will regulate the direction of the march by the same means.

132. The company being in march either by the front or rear-rank, and if the instructor should wish to face it about without continuing the march, he will command:

1. Company.  2. Right about.  3. HALT.

133. At the command halt, the company will face about, and the men will conform to what is prescribed in the S. S., No. 355.

134. The instructor will cause to be executed in double quick time, all the movements prescribed in the 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th lessons of this school, with the exception of the march backwards, which will be executed only in quick time.  He will give the same commands, observing to add double quick before the command march.

135. When the pieces are carried on the right shoulder, in quick time, the distance between the ranks will be sixteen inches.  Whenever, therefore, the instructor brings the company from a shoulder to this position, the rear-rank must shorten a little the first steps in order to gain the prescribed distance, and will lengthen the steps, on the contrary, in order to close up when the pieces are again brought to a shoulder.  In marching in double quick time, the distance between the ranks will be twenty-six inches, and the pieces will be carried habitually on the right shoulder.

136. Whenever a company is halted, the men will bring their pieces at once to a shoulder at the command halt.  The rear-rank will close to its proper distance.  These rules are general.

LESSON FOURTH.

ARTICLE I.

To march by the flank.

137. The company being in line of battle, and at a halt, when the instructor shall wish to cause it to march by the right flank, he will command:

1. Company, right—FACE.  2. Forward.  3. MARCH.

138. At the first command, the company will face to the right, the covering sergeant will place himself at the head of the front-rank, the captain having stepped out for the purpose, so far as to find himself by the side of the sergeant, and on his left; the front-rank will double, as is prescribed in the S. S., No. 363; the rear-rank will, at the same time, side-step to the right one pace, and double in the same manner; so that when the movement is completed, the files will be formed of four men aligned, and elbow to elbow.  The intervals will be preserved.

139. The file closers will also move by side step to the right, so that when the ranks are formed, they will be two paces from the rearmost rank.

140. At the command march, the company will move off briskly in quick time; the covering sergeant at the head of the front-rank, and the captain on his left will march straight-forward.  The men of each file will march abreast of their respective front-rank men, heads direct to the front; the file closers will march opposite their places in line of battle.

141. The instructor will cause the principles of the march by the flank to be observed, in placing himself, pending the march, as prescribed in the S. S., No. 368.

142. The instructor will cause the march by the left flank to be executed by the same commands, substituting left for right; the ranks will double, as has been prescribed in the S. S., No. 365; the rear-rank will side-step to the left one pace before doubling.

143. At the instant the company faces to the left, the left guide will place himself at the head of the front-rank; the captain will pass rapidly to the left, and place himself by the right side of this guide; the covering sergeant will replace the captain in the front-rank, the moment the latter quits it to go to the left. 

ARTICLE II.

To change direction by file.

144. The company being faced by the flank, and either in march, or at a halt, when the instructor shall wish to cause it to wheel by file, he will command:

1. By file, left (or right).  2. MARCH.

145. At the command march, the first file will wheel; if to the side of the front-rank man, the latter will take care not to turn at once, but to describe a short are of a circle, shortening a little the first five or six steps in order to give time to the fourth man of this file to conform himself to the movement.  If the wheel be to the side of the rear-rank, the front-rank man will wheel in the step of twenty-eight inches, and the fourth man will conform himself to the movement by describing a short are of a circle, as has been explained.  Each file will come to wheel on the same ground where that which preceded it wheeled.

146. The instructor will see that the wheel be executed according to these principles, in order that the distance between the files may always be preserved, and that there be no check or hindrance at the wheeling point.

ARTICLE III.

To halt the company marching by the flank, and to face it to the front.

147. To effect these objectives, the instructor will command:

1. Company.  2. HALT.  3. FRONT.

148. The second and third commands will be executed as prescribed in the S. S., Nos. 370 and 371.  As soon as the files have undoubled the rear-rank will close to its proper distance.  The captain and covering sergeant, as well as the left guide, if the march be by the left flank, will return to their habitual places in line, at the instant the company faces to the front.

149. The instructor may then align the company by one of the means prescribed No. 100.

ARTICLE IV.

The company being in march by the flank, to form it on the right (or left) by file into line of battle.

150. If the company be marching by the right flank, the instructor will command:

1. On the right, by file into line.  2. MARCH.

151. At the command march, the rear-rank men doubled, will mark time; the captain and the covering sergeant will turn to the right, march straight-forward, and be halted by the instructor when they shall have passed at least six paces beyond the rank of file closers; the captain will place himself correctly on the line of battle, and will direct the alignment as the men of the front-rank successively arrive; the covering sergeant will place himself behind the captain at the distance of the rear-rank; the two men on the right of the front-rank doubled, will continue to march, and passing beyond the covering sergeant and the captain, will turn to the right; after turning, they will continue to march elbow to elbow, and direct themselves toward the line of battle, but when they shall arrive at two paces from this line, the even number will shorten the step so that the odd number may precede him on the line, the odd number placing himself by the side and on the left of the captain; the even number will afterward oblique to the left, and place himself on the left of the odd number; the next two men of the front-rank doubled, will pass in the same manner behind the two first, turn then to the right, and place themselves, according to the means just explained to the left, and by the side of, the two men already established on the line; the remaining files of this rank will follow in succession, and be formed to the left in the same manner.  The rear-rank doubled will execute the movement in the manner already explained for the front-rank, taking care not to commence the movement until four men of the front-rank are established on the line of battle; the rear-rank men, as they arrive on the line, will cover accurately their file leaders.

152. If the company be marching by the left flank, the instructor will cause it to form by file on the left into line of battle, according to the same principles and by the same commands, substituting the indication left for right.  In this case, the odd numbers will shorten the step, so that the even numbers may precede them on the line.  The captain, placed on the left, of the front-rank, and the left guide, will return to their places in line of battle, by order of the instructor, after the company shall be formed and aligned.

153. To enable the men the better to comprehend the mechanism of this movement, the instructor will at first cause it to be executed separately by each rank doubled, and afterward by the two ranks united and doubled.

154. The instructor will place himself on the line of battle, and without the point where the right or left is to rest, in order to establish the base of the alignment, and afterward he will follow up the movement to assure himself that each file conforms itself to what is prescribed No. 151.

ARTICLE V.

The company being in march by the flank, to form it by company, or by platoon, into line, and to cause it to face to the right and left in marching.

155. The company being in march by the right flank, the instructor will order the captain to form it into line; the captain will immediately command:

1. By company, into line.  2. MARCH.

156. At the command march, the covering sergeant will continue to march straight-forward; the men will advance the right shoulder take the double quick step, and move into line by the shortest route, taking care to undouble the files, and to come on the line one after the other.

157. As the front-rank men successively arrive in line with the covering sergeant, they will take from him the step, and then turn their eyes to the front.

158. The men of the rear-rank will conform to the movements of their respective file leaders, but without endeavoring to arrive in line at the same time with the latter.

159. If the company, marching either by the right or left flank, be faced about previous to forming line, the men will come into line by twos, and according to the means as above indicated, taking care to undouble files, the two front-rank men taking their places in the line at the same time, to be covered by their rear-rank men taking an oblique step.

160. At the instant the movement begins, the captain will face to his company in order to follow up the execution; and, as soon as the company is formed, he will command, guide left, place himself two paces before the centre, face to the front, and take the step of the company.

161. At the command guide left, the second sergeant will promptly place himself in the front-rank, on the left, to serve as guide, and the covering sergeant who is on the opposite flank will remain there.

162. When the company marches by the left flank, this movement will be executed by the same commands, and according to the same principles; the company being formed, the captain will command guide right, and place himself in front of his company as above; the covering sergeant who is on the right of the front-rank will serve as guide, and the second sergeant placed on the left flank will remain there.

163. Thus, in a column by company, right or left in front, the covering sergeant and the second sergeant of each company will always be placed on the right and left, respectively, of the front-rank; they will be denominated right guide, and left guide, and the one or the other charged with the direction.

164. The company being in march by the flank if it be the wish of the instructor to cause it to form platoons, he will give an order to that effect to the captain, who will command:

1. By platoon, into line.  2. MARCH.

165. The movement will be executed by each platoon according to the above principles.  The captain will place himself before the centre of the first platoon, and the first lieutenant before the centre of the second, passing through the opening made in the centre of the company, if the march be by the right flank, and around the left of his platoon, if the march be by the left: in this last case, the captain will also pass around the left of the second platoon, in order to place himself in front of the first.  Both the captain and lieutenant, without waiting for each other, will command guide left (or right) at the instant their respective platoons are formed.

166. At the command guide left (or right), the guide of each platoon will pass rapidly to the indicated flank if not already there.

167. The right guide of the company will always serve as the guide of the right or left of the first platoon, and the left guide of the company will serve, in like manner, as the guide of the second platoon.

168. Thus in a column, by platoon, there will be but one guide to each platoon; he will always be placed on its left flank, if the right be in front, and on the right flank, if the left be in front.

169. In these movements, the file closers will follow the platoons to which they are attached.

170. The instructor may cause the company, marching by the flank, to form by company, or by platoon, into line, by his own direct commands, using those prescribed for the captain, No. 155 or 164.

171. The instructor will exercise the company in passing, without a halt, from the march by the front, to the march by the flank, and reciprocally.  In either case, he will employ the commands prescribed in the S. S., No. 374, substituting company for squad.  The company will face to the right or left, in marching, and the captain, the guides, and file-closers, will conform themselves to what is prescribed for each in the march by the flank, or in the march by the front of a company supposed to be a subdivision of a column.

172. If, after facing to the right or left, in marching, the company find itself faced by the rear-rank, the captain will place himself two paces behind the centre of the front-rank, now in the rear, the guides will pass to the rear-rank, now leading, and the file closers will march in front of this rank.

173. The company being in march either by the front or flank, and if the instructor should wish to face it by a flank without continuing the march it will be executed by the commands and means prescribed in the S. S., Nos. 379-380, substituting company for squad.

174. The company marching in column by platoon, can be faced to the right or left, by the commands, as above indicated.  At the first command, the chiefs of platoons and the guides, will go quickly to the indicated flank.  At the command march, each subdivision will face, and be led off in the new direction by its chief.  If the right be in front, the subdivision can be filed to the left, immediately after being faced either to the right or left, by the command by file left before the command march.  If the left be in front, the command will be by file right before the command march.

175. The instructor, in order to avoid fatiguing the men and to prevent them from being negligent in the position of shoulder arms, will sometimes order support arms in marching by the flank, and arms on the right shoulder, when marching in line.

LESSON FIFTH.

ARTICLE I.

To break into column by platoon, either at a halt or on march.

176. The company being at a halt, in line of battle, the instructor, wishing to break it into column, by platoon to the right, will command:

1. By platoon, right wheel.  2. MARCH.

177. At the first command, the chiefs of platoon will rapidly place themselves two paces before the centres of their respective platoons, the lieutenant passing around the left of the company.  They need not occupy themselves with dressing one upon the other.  The covering sergeant will replace the captain in the front-rank.

178. At the command march, the right front-rank man of each platoon will face to the right, the covering sergeant standing fast; the chief of each platoon will move quickly by the shortest line, a little beyond the point at which the marching flank will rest when the wheel shall be completed, face to the late rear, and place himself so that the line which he forms with the man on the right (who had faced), shall be perpendicular to that occupied by the company in line of battle; each platoon will wheel according to the principles prescribed for the wheel on a fixed pivot, and when the man who conducts the marching flank shall approach near to the perpendicular, its chief will command:

1. Platoon.  2. HALT.

179. At the command halt, which will be given at the instant the man who conducts the marching flank shall have arrived at three paces from the perpendicular, the platoon will halt; the covering sergeant will move to the point where the left of the first platoon is to rest, passing by the front-rank; the second sergeant will place himself, in like manner, in respect to the second platoon.  Each will take care to leave between himself and the man on the right of his platoon a space equal to its front; the captain and first lieutenant will look to this, and each take care to align the sergeant between himself and the man of the platoon who had faced to the right.

180. The guide of each platoon, being thus established on the perpendicular, each chief will place himself two paces outside of his guide, and, facing toward him, will command:

3. Left—DRESS.

181. The alignment being ended, each chief of platoon will command, FRONT, and place himself two paces before its centre.

182. The file closers will conform themselves to the movement of their respective, platoons, preserving always the distance of two paces from the rear-rank.

183. The company will break by platoon to the left, according to the same principles.  The instructor will command:

1. By platoon, left wheel.  2. MARCH.

184. The first command will be executed in the same manner as if breaking by platoon right.

185. At the command march, the left front-rank man of each platoon will face to the left, and the platoons will wheel to the left, according to the principles prescribed for the wheel on a fixed pivot; the chiefs of platoon will conform to the principles indicated Nos. 178 and 179.

186. At the command halt, given by the chief of each platoon, the covering sergeant on the right of the front-rank of the first platoon, and the second sergeant near the left of the second platoon, will each move to the points where the right of his platoon is to rest.  The chief of each platoon should be careful to align the sergeant between himself and the man of the platoon who had faced to the left, and will then command:

Right—DRESS.

187. The platoons being aligned, each chief of platoon will command, FRONT, and place himself opposite its centre.

188. The instructor wishing to break the company by platoon to the right, and to move the column forward after the wheel is completed, will caution the company to that effect, and command:

1. By platoon, right wheel.  2. MARCH.

189. At the first command, the chiefs of platoon will move rapidly in front of their respective platoons, conforming to what has been prescribed No. 177, and will remain in this position during the continuance of the wheel.  The covering sergeant will replace the chief of the first platoon in the front-rank.

190. At the command march the platoons will wheel to the right, conforming to the principle herein prescribed; the man on the pivot will not face to the right, but will mark time, conforming himself to the movement of the marching flank; and when the man who is on the left of this flank shall arrive near the perpendicular, the instructor will command:

3. Forward.  4. MARCH.  5. Guide left.

191. At the fourth command which will be given at the instant the wheel is completed, the platoons will move straight to the front, all the men taking the step of twenty-eight inches.  The covering sergeant and the second sergeant will move rapidly to the left of their respective platoons, the former passing before the front-rank.  The leading guide will immediately take points on the ground in the direction which may be indicated to him by the instructor.

192. At the fifth command, the men will take the touch of elbows lightly to the left.

193. If the guide of the second platoon should lose his distance, or the line of direction, he will conform to the principles hereinafter prescribed, Nos. 207 and 208.


Download a .pdf version of this document, click here.


Transcribed by Scott Gutzke, 2004-2006.


Previous Page

Home

Next Page

Home | Welcome Letter from the Unit President | Unit History | Research by Members of the 64th | Events Calendar | Photo Gallery of today's 64th | The Recruiter's Tent

facebook_64thill