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941. The double column, either at half distance or closed in mass, being in march, to form line of division columns, no markers will be posted.  The colonel will command:

1. Form line division columns.  2. Battalion by the right and left flanks.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

942. At the first command, the captains will place themselves quickly in front of their respective companies; the captains of the first and second divisions will caution their companies to march straight to the front, and will command: Quick time; the other captains of the right wing will caution their companies to face by the right flank, and the other captains of the left wing will caution their companies to face by the left flank.

0-943. At the same command, the chiefs of the platoon columns will caution them to face by the right and left flanks, respectively.

944. At the command march, the first and second divisions will march in quick time, and their captains will place themselves as prescribed Nos. 909 and 910.  The other companies will face by the flanks in marching, and will take their places in line, as prescribed No. 934 and following, observing what follows.  When the companies have arrived on the line, each chief of the companies of the right wing, will command: 1. By the left flank, march.  2. Guide left.  And each chief of the companies of the left wing, will command: 1. By the right flank, march.  2. Guide right.  The chiefs and guides will take their proper places, and the columns will march aligned with, and take the step of, the centre division columns. The color and general guides will take their places as prescribed Nos. 736 and 773.

0-945. At the command march by the colonel, the platoon columns will face by the right and left flanks, respectively, and will execute what is prescribed No. 939, observing what follows.  The platoon columns will face toward the line of battle in order to obtain their distances, whether the double column be at half distance, or closed in mass.  They will deploy while on the march.

Deployment of the double column, faced to the front.

946. The colonel, wishing to deploy the double column, will place a marker respectively before the right and left files of the first division, and as third before the left file of the right company, same division; which being done, he will cause the two general guides to spring out on the alignment of the markers, a little beyond the points at which the respective flanks of the battalion ought to rest; he will then command:

1. Deploy column.  2. Battalion outward—FACE.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

947. The column will deploy itself on the two companies at its head, according to the principles prescribed for the deployment of columns in mass.  The captains of these companies will each, at the command march, place himself on the right of his own company, and align it by the right; the captain of the fourth will then place himself in the rear rank, and the covering sergeant in the rank of file closers, at the moment the captain of the third shall come to its left to align it.

0-948. At the first command by the colonel, the chief of each platoon column will command: Backward march.  At this, each column will step nine paces to the rear, and be halted by its chief; the first platoon column will then be faced to the right, and the second to the left, by their respective chiefs, who will place themselves, as also the guides, as prescribed No. 935.  When the right and left files respectively, of the first and last battalion companies, have arrived abreast with the right and left files of the platoon columns respectively, the latter will be put in march, and be faced by the right and left flanks respectively, when those companies halt.

0-949. When the first platoon column has arrived at its proper distance from the line of battle, it will be faced about, halted, and deployed on its first platoon. The second platoon column will execute what has been prescribed for the first by inverse means.

0-950. If the double column is deployed from half distance, at the first command by the colonel, the platoon columns will be cautioned to face to the right and left respectively.  At the second command, the first platoon column will face to the right, and the second to the left, and the chief of each column will caution it to stand fast.  When the right and left files of the companies constituting the division next to the last, arrive abreast with the right and left files of the platoon columns respectively, the latter will be put in march, and will be halted when these respectively halt.  When the companies constituting the last division, have passed, the platoon columns will again be put in motion: and when the right and left files respectively arrive in a line with the markers on the right and left of the line of battle, the platoon columns will execute what is prescribed No. 939.

951. The deployment being ended, the colonel will command: Guides—POSTS.

952. If it be the wish of the colonel to cause the fire to commence pending the deployment, he will give an order to that effect to the captains of the fourth and fifth companies, and the fire will be executed according to the principles prescribed No. 528.

953. The battalion being in double column and in march, if the colonel shall wish to deploy it without halting the column, he will cause three markers to be posted on the line of battle, and when the head of the column shall arrive near the markers, he will command:

1. Deploy column.  2. Battalion, by the right and left flanks.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

954. The column will deploy on the two leading companies, according to the principles prescribed for the deployment of a close column, No. 580 and following; at the command march, the chief of the first division will halt it, and the captains of the fourth and fifth companies will align their companies by the right.

955. If the column be in march, and it be the wish of the colonel to deploy the column and to continue to march in the order of battle, he will not cause markers to be established at the head of the column.  The movement will be executed by the commands and means indicated No. 953, observing what follows.  At the first command, the chief of the first division will caution it to continue the march to the front, and will command, Quick time.  At the command march, the first division will march in quick time; the colonel will command, Guide centre.  The captains of the fourth and fifth companies, the color, and the men, will immediately conform to the principles of the march in line of battle.  The companies will take the quick step by the command of their captains, as they successively arrive in line.  The movement completed, the colonel may cause the battalion to march in double quick time.

0-956. In deploying on a march, at the first command by the colonel, the chief of each platoon column will immediately command: Such platoon column, mark time, march.  When the last division has passed, the chief of the first platoon column will face his column by the right flank, and the chief of the second, by the left flank: the chiefs and guides will place themselves as prescribed No. 908, and the platoon columns will be put in march, and having arrived opposite their places in line, they will be faced by the left and right flanks respectively, to march toward the line, and they will be deployed while marching.

0-957. In deploying a double column on a march, from half distance, at the first command by the colonel, the platoon columns will be cautioned by their chiefs, to face by the right and left flanks respectively.  At the command march, the platoon columns will be faced by the flanks, and each chief will command, Such platoon column, mark time—MARCH.  The platoon columns will then execute what has been prescribed No. 950, they will be deployed while marching, and take the quick step on attaining their distances.

To form the double column into line of battle, faced to the right or left.

958. The double column, being at company distance and at a halt, may be formed into line of battle faced to the right or left; when the colonel shall wish to form it faced to the right, he will command:

1. Right into line wheel, left companies on the right into line.  2. Battalion, guide right.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

959. At the first command, each captain will place himself before the centre of his company; the right companies will be cautioned that they will have to wheel to the right into line, the left companies that they will have to march straight-forward.

0-960. At the same command, the chief of the first platoon column will face it about, and the chief of each platoon column will command: 1. Forward.  2. Guide right.

961. At the second command, the left guide of the fourth company will place himself briskly on the direction of the right guides of the column, face to them, and opposite to one of the three last files of his company when in line of battle; the lieutenant-colonel will assure him in that position.

962. At the command march, briskly repeated by all the captains, the right companies will form to the right into line of battle, the left companies will put themselves in march in order to form on the right into line of battle; these formations will be executed by the means indicated No. 464 and following, No. 502 and following; the lieutenant-colonel will assure the guides of the left wing on the line of battle as they successively come upon it.

0-963. At the command march, the first platoon column will march straight-forward, and when the guide of the first platoon has passed the right of the line a distance of three paces, the chief of the column will face it by the right flank, and take the guide to the right; when the chief of the first platoon has arrived at a distance of thirty-three paces in rear of the right of the line, he will halt in his own person, and the platoon will file to the right and execute what is indicated No. 517.

0-964. The second platoon column will be moved to the front, and wheeled to the right, so that the right files of the platoons will be on a line with the right file of the last battalion company, on the completion of the wheel.  The column will then be moved to its proper position, halted, and deployed on the first platoon by its chief.

965. If the column be in march, the colonel will command:

1. Right into line wheel.  2. Left companies, on the right into line.  3. Battalion, guide right.   4. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

966. At the first command, each captain will place himself promptly before the centre of his company; the right companies will be cautioned that they will have to wheel to the right, and the left companies that they will have to form on the right into line.

0-967. At the same command, the chief of the first platoon column, will command, Right about, and the chief of the second platoon column, will caution it to march straight forward.

968. At the command march, briskly repeated, the right companies will form to the right into line, and the left companies on the right into line.  These formations will be executed as prescribed Nos. 476, 503, and following.

0-969. At the command march, the first platoon column will face about, and will execute what is prescribed No. 963.  The second platoon column will execute what is prescribed No. 964.

970. If the colonel should wish to move the battalion forward, at the moment the right companies have completed the wheel, he will command:

5. Forward.  6. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

971. At the command forward, the captains of the right companies will command, Quick time.  At the command march, the right companies will cease to wheel, and march straight-forward.  The colonel will then add: 7. Guide centre.  At this command, the color and right general guides will immediately conform to the principles of the march in line of battle.

972. The movement of the left companies will be executed in double quick time as prescribed above, and as they arrive on the line each captain will cause his company to march in quick time.

0-973. If the line move on without halting, the first platoon column will take the double quick step, and after having filed as prescribed No. 963, the company will be faced by the right flank, and having gained its proper distance will take the step of the line.  The second platoon column, after wheeling parallel to the line, will be deployed while marching.

974. The column may be formed faced to the left into line of battle according to the same principles.

975. If the column be closed in mass instead of at company distance, these movements will be executed according to the principles prescribed Nos. 637 and 638.

REMARK ON THE DEPLOYMENT OF THE DOUBLE COLUMN.

976. The depth of the double column, at company distance, being inconsiderable, closing it in mass, if at a halt, in order to deploy it, may be dispensed with; but if it be in march, it will be preferable to cause it so to close, in halting, before deploying.

977. The double column will be deployed habitually on the centre companies, but the colonel may sometimes deploy it on any interior company, or on the first or eighth company.

0-978. If the double column be deployed on any other company than the centre ones, the platoon columns of skirmishers, will be moved to their proper positions, by the means already prescribed.

To deploy a line of division columns.

979. A line of division columns, will be deployed either at the halt or on a march, by the commands and means prescribed for deploying a double column. If the deployment is made from a halt, the guides of the leading companies of the first and fourth division columns, will, at the first command by the colonel, place themselves in front of the right and left files of their companies respectively, faced toward, and on a line with, the markers in front of the centre division.  Those of the right wing will be assured in this position by the lieutenant-colonel, and those of the left wing by the senior major.

0-980. The companies of skirmishers will be faced to the right and left respectively, when the column faces, and at the command march by the colonel, will be moved by their respective captains to the positions prescribed No. 9, Title I.

REMARK ON THE LINE OF DIVISION COLUMNS.

981. In case a battalion, in line of division columns, attacks or repels an attack from the enemy, the colonel may detach the first and fourth division column, each commanded by a field officer, to attack the flanks of the enemy, while the second and third division columns deploy.

To form double columns from simple column by company.

982. The battalion being in column by company, either at full distance, or closed in mass, right in front, and at a halt, to form double column, the colonel will command:

1. Form double column.  2. Right wing, right—FACE.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

983. At the first command the captains of the companies of the right wing, will caution them that they will have to face to the right.  The captains of the left wing, will caution their companies to stand fast.  The left general guide will place himself on the prolongation of the front rank of the last battalion company, and at a distance from its right guide, equal to the front of a company, he will be assured in his position by the senior major. The music will take post as prescribed No. 888.

0-984. At the same command, the chief of the first platoon column will face his column to the right.  The chief of the second platoon column, will command: Column forward, guide left.  If the column is closed in mass, the second platoon column will face to the left.

985. At the second command, the companies of the right wing will face to the right, and their captains will place themselves respectively by the side of their right guides.

986. At the command march, the companies which have faced, will march straight-forward; the captain of the left company of the right wing will halt in his own person, and let his company file past him, and when the left file is abreast with him he will command: 1. Such company, by the right flank.  2. MARCH.  3. Guide right.

987. At this, the left guide, placing himself on the right of the rear rank, now in front, will so conduct it, that the elbow of the file on his left, will graze the covering sergeant on the right of the leading company of the left wing; just before the union of the two companies, the left guide will take his place in the rank of file closers, and when the company has just past the covering sergeant, the captain will command: 1. Such company, halt.  2. About face.  The chief of the division will immediately place himself on the right, and he, as also the junior captain, will conform to what is prescribed No. 883.

0-988. At the command march by the colonel, the first platoon column will march straight-forward, and when its left flank is at a distance from the battalion column, a little more than a division front, it will be faced by the right flank, and taking the guide to the right, will be marched to the rear, closing in mass while marching, on its second platoon.

0-989. When the first platoon arrives on a line six paces in rear of the front rank of the division next to the last, it will face by the right flank, and be marched and established in the position prescribed No. 884.

0-990. The second platoon column will march straight-forward, closing in mass while marching, until its first platoon arrives on the line above indicated, when it will be faced by the left flank and be marched and established in the position prescribed No. 884.  If the column is closed in mass, the second platoon column will march to the rear of the last division, and having passed three paces will be faced by the right flank, and take the position prescribed No. 884.

991. The three right companies of the battalion having marched a distance equal to the front of a division, the colonel will command: 1. Three right companies, by the right flank.  2. MARCH.  3. Guide right.

992. At the third command, the left guides will place themselves as prescribed No. 987, and the leading one will direct himself on the left general guide.  Each captain, as his company arrives on a line with its corresponding division company, will command: 1. Such company, by the right flank. 2. MARCH.  If the column is in close order, the two right companies will mark time, by the command of their captains, until the third has passed, and the right company will in its turn mark time until the second has passed.

993. Just before the union, the left guides will place themselves as prescribed No. 987.  When the front-rank man of the left file has arrived up with the right guide of the corresponding division company, each captain will command: 1. Such company, halt.  2. Front, and the captains in each division will respectively execute what is prescribed No. 883.

994. The lieutenant-colonel will assure the right guides of the divisions, on the direction, by placing himself in their rear, as they successively arrive.

995. The column being at full distance, to form double column while marching, and to continue the march, the colonel will command:

1. Form double column.  2. Right wing by the right flank.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

996. This movement will be executed by the commands and means as prescribed when at a halt, observing what follows. At the first command, the captains of the left wing will command: Quick time, and at the command march, will take or continue the quick step.  At the same command, the companies of the right wing will move at double quick.  The captain of the company, next in front of the leading company of the left wing, having prolonged his company a distance equal to its front, will command: 1. Such company, by the left flank, quick time. 2. MARCH.  And as soon as the company has faced, will add: 1. Mark time.  2. MARCH.  As soon as the corresponding company of his division has arrived abreast with his company, he will command: 1. Forward.  2. MARCH.  3. Guide right.  And at this, the division will take the guide to the right.

997. The captains of the other companies of the right wing, on uniting with their respective division companies, will command: 1. Such company, by the right flank.  2. Quick time.  3. MARCH.  4. Guide right.  At this, the right guides of division will cover the right guides of the column.

0-998. The platoon columns of the companies of skirmishers, will execute this movement as has been prescribed for a halt, observing what follows.  The platoon columns will take the double quick step. The leading platoon of the first platoon column, having arrived on a line a few paces in advance of the division next to the last, and the second platoon column having arrived on a line just in rear of this division, they will respectively be faced by the right and left flanks, by their chiefs, marched to their proper positions, faced by the right flank, and take the quick step.

ARTICLE XIV.

Dispositions against cavalry.

999. A battalion being in column by company, at half distance, right in front, and at a halt, when the colonel shall wish to form it into square, he will first cause divisions to be formed; which being done, he will command:

1. Form square.  2. Right and left into line, wheel.

1000. At the first command, the file closers of each company of the fourth division, passing by the outer flanks of their companies, will place themselves two paces before the front rank, opposite to their respective places, in line of battle, and faced toward the head of the column.  The music, formed in two ranks, will place itself at platoon distance behind the inner platoons of the second division.

1001. The lieutenant-colonel will face the left guides, the senior major, placing himself on the right of the column abreast with the first division, will face the right guides, they will align them from the front, on the respective guides of the fourth division, who will stand fast, holding up their pieces, inverted, perpendicularly; the right guides, in placing themselves on the direction, will take their exact distances; the guides of the second division taking care to take their distance from the rear rank of the first.

0-1002. At the same command, the platoon columns will be faced to the left; each chief and guide will place himself as prescribed No. 879.  The columns will take the double quick step.  The first platoon column will be conducted to the rear, and the second diagonally to the front: they will take a position in rear of the inner platoons of the division next to the last; the front rank of the leading platoons of the columns, four paces from the rear rank of the division, and the first platoon column on the right of the second.

0-1003. The junior major will place himself four paces in rear of the centre of the platoon columns.

1004. At the second command, the chief of the first division will caution it to stand fast; all the captains of the second and third divisions will place themselves before the centres of their respective companies, and caution them that they will have to wheel, the right companies to the right, and the left companies to the left into line of battle.

1005. The color-bearer will step back into the line of file closers, opposite to his place in line of battle, and will be replaced by the corporal of his file, who is in the rear rank; the corporal of the same file who is in the rank of file closers will step into the rear rank.

1006. The chief of the fourth division will command: 1. Fourth division, forward.  2. Guide left, and place himself at the same time two paces outside of its left flank.

1007. At the same, the junior major will command: 1. Skirmishers forward.  2. Guide centre.

1008. These dispositions ended, the colonel will command:

3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1009. At this command, briskly repeated, the first division will stand fast; but its right file will face to the right, and its left file to the left.

1010. The companies of the second and third divisions will wheel to the right and left into line, and the music will advance a space equal to the front of a company.

1011. The fourth division will close up to form the square, and when it shall have closed, its chief will halt it, face it about, and align it by the rear rank upon the guides of the division, who will, for this purpose, remain faced to the front.  The junior captain will pass into the rear rank, now become the front, and the covering sergeant of the left company will place himself behind him in the front rank, become rear.  The file-closers will, at the same time, close up a pace on the front rank, and the outer file on each flank of the division will face outward.         

0-1012. At the same command, the skirmishers will advance a distance equal to a company front, the guide in the centre directing himself on the centre of the first front of the square.

1013. The square being formed, the colonel will command: Guides—POSTS.

1014. At this command, the chiefs of the first and fourth, and the guides of all the divisions, will enter the square.

1015. The captains whose companies have formed to the right into line, will remain on the left of their companies; the left guide of each of those companies will, in the rear rank, cover his captain, and the covering sergeant of each will place himself as a file closer behind the right file of his company.

1016. The field and staff will enter the square, the lieutenant-colonel placing himself behind the left, and the senior major behind the right of the first division, the junior major in rear of the centre of the skirmishers.

1017. A battalion ought never to present, near the enemy’s cavalry, an odd company.  The odd company, under that circumstance, ought, when the battalion is under arms, to be consolidated, for the time, with the other companies.

1018. The fronts of the square will be designated as follows: the first division will always be the first front; the last division, the fourth front; the right companies of the other divisions will form the second front; and the left companies of the same divisions the third front.

1019. A battalion being in column by company, at half distance, right in front, and in march, when the colonel shall wish to form square, he will first cause divisions to be formed, which being executed, he will command:

1. Form square.  2. Right and left into line, wheel.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1020. At the first command, the chief of the first division will caution it to remain faced to the front, and will command: First division.  All the captains of the second and third divisions will rapidly place themselves before the centres of their respective companies, and caution them that they will have to wheel, the right companies to the right, and the left companies to the left into line.  The chief of the fourth division will caution it to continue its In arch, and will hasten to its left flank.  The file closers and music will execute what is prescribed No. 1000.

1021. At the second command, the color-bearer, and the corporals of his file will execute what is prescribed No. 1005.

1022. At the third command, briskly repeated, the chief of the first division will command: Halt, and align his division to the left; the outer files will face to the right and left.  The rest of the movement will be executed as prescribed Nos. 1010 and following.

1023. The lieutenant-colonel and the senior major, at the command march, will conform to what is prescribed No. 1001.

0-1024. The platoon columns will execute what has been prescribed for them, when forming square from a halt.  They will move on a run to take their places in column.

1025. If the battalion, before the square is formed, be in double column, the two leading companies will form the first front, the two rear companies the fourth; the other companies of the right half battalion will form the second, and those of the left half battalion the third front.

0-1026. If the square is formed from double column, at the first command, the platoon columns will be faced to the left and right, or by the left and right flanks respectively, and proceed to take the positions prescribed No. 1002.

1027. The first and fourth fronts will be commanded by the chiefs of the first and fourth divisions; each of the other two by its senior captain.

1028. The commander of each front will place himself four paces behind the centre of its present rear rank, and will be replaced momentarily in the command of his company by the next in rank therein.

1029. If the column be at full instead of half distance, as has been supposed, the colonel will first cause divisions to be formed, and will then command:

1. To form square.  2. To half distance close column.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

0-1030. At the first command, the platoon columns will be put in march, and they will take the positions prescribed No. 1002, as soon as the division next to the last has its distance.

1031. At the command march, the column will close to company distance, the second division taking its distance from the rear rank of the first division.

1032. The senior major will place himself on the right of the column, abreast with the first division. The music will place themselves as prescribed No. 1000.

1033. At the moment of halting the fourth division, the file closers will place themselves as prescribed No. 1000.

1034. These dispositions being made, the colonel may, according to circumstances, put the column in march, or cause it to form square; if he wish to do the latter, it will be executed by the commands and means prescribed No. 999 and following.

1035. A battalion being in column by company, at full distance, right in front, and ill march, when the colonel shall wish to form square, he will cause to be executed what is indicated Nos. 1029 and 1030.

1036. At the command march, the column will close to company distance, as is prescribed No. 332. When the chief of the fourth division shall command: Quick, march, the file closers of this division will place themselves before the front rank.

1037. The senior major and the music will conform to what is prescribed No. 1000.

1038. If the colonel shall wish to form square, it will be executed by the commands indicated No. 1019, and the means prescribed No. 1020, and following.

1039. If the column by division, whether double or simple, be in mass, and the colonel shall wish to form it into square, he will first cause it to take company distance; to this effect he will command:

1. To form square.  2. By the head of column, take half distance.

1040. The divisions will take half distance by the means indicated No. 386 and following.  What is prescribed No. 1032 will be executed as the first and second divisions are put in motion.

1041. The colonel will halt the column the moment the last division shall have its distance.  As soon as the column is halted, the dispositions indicated No. 1033 will be executed, and when these are completed, the colonel may proceed to form square.  [Editors Note: See Changes.]

0-1042. At the first command, the platoon columns will be put in march toward their places in column, and they will take the places prescribed No. 1002, as soon as the division next to the last has its distance.

1043. If the column be in march, the colonel will also, in the first place, cause company distance to be taken and, for this purpose, will command:

1. To form square.  2. By the head of column, take half distance.  3. MARCH.

1044. This movement will be executed as prescribed No. 394 and following.  What is prescribed No. 1032 will be executed as the first and second divisions are put in motion.

1045. The colonel will proceed to form square the moment the last division shall have its distance; and by the commands indicated No. 1019, and the means prescribed No. 1020 and following.  [Editors Note: See Changes.]

0-1046. The platoon columns will execute what is prescribed No. 1024, and take their places in column as soon as the last division has its distance.

1047. In a simple column, left in front, these several movements will be executed according to the same principles, and by inverse means; but the fronts of the square will have the same designations as if the right of the column were in front, that is, the first division will constitute the first front, and thus of the other subdivisions.

0-1048. If the left is in front, the platoon columns will take their places in rear of the inner platoons of the second division.

1049. The battalion being formed into square, when the colonel shall wish to cause it to advance a distance less than thirty paces, he will command:

1. By (such) front, forward.  2. MARCH.


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Transcribed by Scott Gutzke, 2004-2006.


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