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1050. If it be supposed that the advance be made by the first front, the chief of this front will command:

1. First division, forward.  2. Guide centre.

1051. The chief of the second front will face his front to the left.  The captains of the companies composing this front will place themselves outside, and on the right of their left guides, who will replace Łhem in the front rank: the chief of the third front will face his front to the right, and the captains in this front will place themselves outside, and on the left of their covering sergeants; the chief of the fourth front will face his front about, and command: 1. Fourth division, forward; 2. Guide centre.  The captain who is in the centre of the first front, will be charged with the direction of the march, and will regulate himself by the means indicated in the S. C., No. 89.

1052. At the command march, the square will put itself in motion; the companies marching by the flank will be careful not to lose their distances.  The chief of the fourth division will cause his division to keep constantly closed on the flanks of the second and third fronts.

1053. At the first command, by the colonel, the junior major will command: 1. Skirmishers forward; 2. Guide centre.  At the command march, they will .put themselves in motion.

1054. This movement will only be executed in quick time.

1055. The lieutenant-colonel will place himself in rear of the file of direction, in order to regulate his march.

1056. If the colonel should wish to halt the square, he will command:

1. Battalion.  2. HALT.

1057. At the second command, the square will halt; the fourth front will face about immediately, and without further command; the second and third fronts will face outward; the captains of companies will resume their places as in square.

1058. In moving the square forward by the second, third, or fourth fronts, the same rules will be observed.

0-1059. If the square is formed by the fourth front, the skirmishers, at the first command by the colonel, will be faced about, if by the second front, they will be faced to the right, if by the third front, they will be faced to the left.

1060. The battalion being formed into square, when the colonel shall wish to cause it to advance a greater distance than thirty paces, he will command:

1. Form column.

1061. The chief of the first front will command:

1. First division, forward. 2. Guide left.

1062. The commander of the fourth front will caution it to stand fast; the commander of the second front will cause it to face to the left, and then command: By company, by file left.  The commander of the third front will cause it to face to the right, and then command: By company, by file right.  At the moment the second and third fronts face to the left and right, each captain will cause to break to the rear the three leading files of his company.

0-1063. The skirmishers will be cautioned by the junior major to stand fast.

1064. These dispositions being made, the colonel will command:

3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1065. At this command, the first front will march forward; its chief will halt it when it shall have advanced a space equal to half its front, and align it by the left.

1066. The corresponding companies of the second and third fronts will wheel by file to the left and right, and march to meet each other behind the centre of the first division, and the moment they unite, the captain of each company will halt his company and face it to the front.  The division being re-formed, its chief will align it by the left.

1067. The commander of the fourth front will cause it to face about: its file closers will remain before the front rank.

1068. The column being thus re-formed, the colonel may put it in march by the commands and means prescribed No. 219 and following; the right guides will preserve company distance exactly as the directing guides.

1069. When the colonel shall wish to re-form square, he will give the commands indicated No. 1019.

1070. To cause the square to march in retreat a distance greater than thirty paces, the colonel will first cause column to be formed as indicated No. 1060; and when formed, he will cause it to face by the rear rank; to this end, he will command:

1. To march in retreat.  2. Face by the rear rank.  3. Battalion about—FACE.

0-1071. At the first command by the colonel, the junior major will command: 1. Skirmishers, outward face; 2. Double quick—MARCH.  At the first command, the first platoon column will face to the right, and the second to the left.  At the command march, the platoon columns, conducted by the chiefs of platoon, will be filed around the right and left flanks respectively of the division, marched to the front, and filed around the flanks of the second division, facing to the rear, and covering the inner platoons of that division.

1072. At the second command, the file closers of the interior divisions will place themselves, passing by the outer flanks of their respective companies, behind the front rank opposite to their places in line of battle; the file closers of the other divisions will stand fast.

1073. At the third command, the battalion will face about; each chief of division will place himself before its rear rank, become front, passing through the interval between its two companies; the guides will step into the rear rank, now front.

1074. The column being thus disposed, the colonel may put it in march, or cause it to form square as if it were faced by the front rank.  The square being formed, its fronts will preserve the same designations they had when faced by the front rank.

1075. The battalion being in square by the rear rank, when the colonel shall wish to march it in retreat or in advance, a distance less than thirty paces, he will conform to what is prescribed No. 1049 and following; otherwise, he will re-form the column according to the principles prescribed No. 1060, by marching forward the fourth front.

1076. If the square is to be marched to the front a distance greater than thirty paces, the colonel will face the column by the front rank; to this end, he will command:

1. To march in advance.  2. Face by the front rank.  3. Battalion about—FACE.

1077. Which will be executed as prescribed No. 1072 and following.

0-1078. At the first command by the colonel, the junior major will give the commands indicated No. 1071; the platoon columns will be faced outward, and be marched to their proper positions in rear of the division next to the last, as prescribed No. 1071.

1079. If the column be marching in advance, and the colonel shall wish to march it in retreat, he will command:

1. To march in retreat.  2. Battalion right about.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

0-1080. At the first command by the colonel, the junior major and skirmishers will execute what is prescribed No. 1071; the gait will be a double quick, or a run, as the command of the colonel is, march, or double quick march.

1081. At the second command, the file closers of the second and third divisions will place themselves rapidly before the front rank of their respective divisions.  At the command march, the column will face about and move off to the rear; the chiefs of divisions and the guides will conform to what is prescribed No. 1073.

1082. If the column be marching in retreat and the colonel shall wish to march it in advance, he will command:

1. To march in advance. 2. Battalion right about.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

0-1083. At the first command, the junior major and skirmishers will execute what is prescribed No. 1078.  The gait as indicated No. 1080.

1084. At the second command, the file closers of the second and third divisions will place themselves before the rear rank of their respective divisions; at the third, the column will face by the front rank.

1085. While marching, either in advance or retreat, the guide of the division next to the leading one, will be careful to estimate his distance from the rear rank of the one in front.

To reduce the square.

1086. The colonel, wishing to break the square, will command:

1. Reduce square.  2. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1087. This movement will be executed in the manner indicated No. 1060 and following; but the file closers of the fourth front will place themselves behind the rear rank the moment it faces about; the field and staff, the color-bearer and music, will, at the same time, return to their places in column.

0-1088. At the first command by the colonel, the skirmishers will be faced to the right by the junior major.  Each chief of platoon and guide will place himself as prescribed No. 879.  At the command march, the first platoon column, after clearing the flank of the division, will be conducted diagonally to the front, and the second platoon column will be conducted diagonally to the rear, to their respective positions on the flanks of the battalion column.

REMARKS ON THE RALLYING OF SKIRMISHERS.

0-1089. The skirmishers will be rallied on the battalion in column, ready for square, by the commands indicated No. 785.  The skirmishers and reserves will direct themselves on a run, around the flanks of the column, and take the position prescribed No. 1002.  [Editors Note: See Changes.]

To form square from line of battle.

1090. A battalion deployed may be formed into square, in a direction either parallel or perpendicular to the line of battle.

1091. In the first case, the colonel will cause the battalion to break by division to the rear, by the right or left, and then close the column to half distance, as indicated No. 1029 and following.

1092. In the second case, he will ploy the battalion into simple column, by division at half distance in rear of the right or left division, or into column doubled on the centre, or form square forward on the two centre companies.

1093. To ploy the battalion into column upon one of the flank divisions, the colonel will command:

1. To form square.  2. Column at half distance by division.  3. On the first (or fourth) division.  4. Battalion right (or left)—FACE.  5. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1094. This movement will be executed according to the principles prescribed No. 159 and following; the division next to the leading one taking its distance from the rear rank of the one in front.

0-1095. At the third and fourth commands, the companies of skirmishers will execute what is prescribed Nos. 161 and 164.  Each second platoon will ploy in rear of its first.  At the command march, the first platoon column, if the ployment is on the first division, will march straight-forward, a platoon distance; the column will then be faced by the right flank, by its chief, and on arriving opposite its place in the battalion column, it will be faced again by the right flank, and take its proper position in rear of the division next to the last.  The second platoon column will be marched diagonally to the rear, and be established in its proper position on the left of the first.

1096. If the battalion be marching in line of battle, and the colonel shall wish to form square in a direction perpendicular to the line of battle, he will command:

1. To form square.  2. On the first (or fourth) division, form column.  3. Battalion by the right (or left) flank.  4. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1097. This movement will be executed according to the principle prescribed for ploying a column by division at half distance, No. 201.  The chief of the first division will halt his division; at the command march.

0-1098. The companies of skirmishers will execute this movement as if from a halt, observing what follows.  At the command march, the companies will face by the right flank, and each second platoon will take the double quick step or run, according to the gait of the battalion companies, in order to ploy in rear of its first platoon.

1099. If the colonel should command, prepare for square, instead of to form square, the chief of the leading subdivision will command quick time, and at the command march, by the colonel, the leading subdivision will march in quick time.

1100. To ploy the battalion into double column, the colonel will command:

1. To form square.  2. Double column at half distance.  3. Battalion inward—FACE.  4. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1101. This movement will be executed as prescribed No. 876 and following.

0-1102. At the second and third commands, the companies of skirmishers will execute what is prescribed Nos. 877 and 879.  At the command march, the columns will be conducted to positions prescribed No. 1002.

1103. The battalion being in march, to ploy it into double column to form square, the colonel will command:

1. To form square.  2. Form double column.  3. Battalion by the right and left flanks.  4. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1104. This movement will be executed as prescribed No. 890.  The chief of the leading division will halt his division at the command march, or command quick time as indicated No. 1099.

0-1105. The companies of skirmishers will execute this movement, as if from a halt, observing what is prescribed No. 1098.

1106. To form square, forward on the centre companies, the colonel will command:

1. Forward on the centre, form square.  2. Battalion, inward face.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1107. At the first command, the lieutenant-colonel will hasten to the front, and place three markers, at division or company distance from the line, according as the battalion companies are in number, eight or six; the first marker opposite the right file of the right centre company, the second opposite one of the three left files of the left centre company, the third, opposite one of the three left files of the right centre company.  Each captain will place himself two paces in front of the centre of his company, the captains of the two centre companies will caution them to remain faced to the front, the others of the right wing will caution their companies to face to the left, and the others of the left wing, to the right.

1108. The music, in two ranks, will place itself at platoon distance behind the inner platoons of the two centre companies, the color-bearer will step back into the line of file closers, opposite his place in line of battle, and will be replaced as indicated No. 1005.  The covering sergeants will step into the front rank.

0-1109. At the same command, the chiefs of the platoon columns will conform to what is prescribed No. 877.

1110. At the second command, the two centre companies will remain faced to the front; the others of the right wing will face to the left, and the others of the left wing will face to the right.  Those captains whose companies have faced will hasten to the left and right of their companies respectively, and place themselves as prescribed Nos. 806 and 809.  The captains of the companies next to the right and left centre companies, will caution them that they will wheel by file to the right and left respectively; each of the other captains whose company has faced, with the exception of those on the right and left flanks, will caution his company to follow in the trace of its leading file.

1111. The captains of the right and left companies will caution them to move straight-forward; their file closers will move around their right and left flanks, respectively, and place themselves in front of the front rank, opposite their places in line of battle.  The senior captain of the two centre companies will place himself before the centre of his division, and caution it that it will have to move to the front; the junior captain will place himself as indicated No. 880.

0-1112. At the same command, the platoon columns will execute what is prescribed No. 879.

1113. At the command march, rapidly repeated by all the captains, the chief of the first division will command: Guide right, and the right guide will so direct his march, that the breast of the front-rank man of the right file will come in contact with the elbow of the right marker.  The left guide, of the left centre company, will place himself on the left of his company, and the left guide of the company on the right of the right centre company, will place himself in the front rank, on the left flank of his company, as soon as able to pass.

1114. The lieutenant-colonel will place himself in a position to face the left guide of the division, when he arrives in the line, and the senior major will in like manner face the right guide.  The captain of the company next to the right of the centre division, will so conduct it, that his left guide will follow in the trace of the right file of the division, and the right guide of the company next to the left of the centre division, will in like manner follow in the trace of the left file of the division.  The captains of the first and last companies will conduct their companies straight-forward.

1115. When the centre division has arrived near the markers in front, the colonel will command:

1. Battalion, by the right and left flanks.  2. Halt.

1116. At the second command, the first division will halt, and be dressed to the right by its chief; its right file will face to the right, and its left file to the left; the file closers will close one pace on the rear rank.  The companies which have wheeled by file to the right, will face by the right flank, their right guides, at the same time, stepping out before the right files of their respective companies, facing to the left, and covering the right guide of the first division.  They will be assured in this position by the senior major.  The companies which have wheeled by file to the left, will face by the left flank, their left guides stepping out at the same time before the left files of their respective companies, facing to the right, and covering the left guide of the first division.  They will be assured in this position, by the lieutenant-colonel.  The file-closers of the second and third fronts, will close up one pace on the rear rank.

1117. The captains of the first and last companies, at the first command, will caution them to continue the march.  At the command halt, the captains will halt in their own persons and see their companies file past, and when nearly united, the captain of the first company will command: 1. First company, by the left flank.  2. Halt.  The left guide passing into the rank of file closers just before the union; the captain of the last company will command: 1. Such company, by the right flank.  2. Halt.

1118. The fourth division will be aligned by the rear rank, and by the means prescribed No. 1011; the junior captain and the covering sergeant of the left company, will place themselves as indicated in the paragraph just named.  The file closers, will at the same time, close up one pace on the rear rank, and the outer files on each flank of the division, will face outward.

0-1119. At the command march by the colonel, each platoon column will be conducted by its chief, diagonally to the front, in double quick time, or the run, as the gait of the battalion may be quick, or double quick time.  The platoon columns will take a position in rear of the inner platoons of the first front of the square, and at the distance of the front of a company, plus four paces.

1120. The junior major will place himself as indicated No. 1003.

1121. The square being formed, the colonel will command: Guides—POSTS.

1122. At this, the dispositions will be made, as prescribed No. 1014 and following.

1123. The battalion marching in line, and the colonel wishing to form square on the centre, will command:

1. Forward on the centre form square.  2. Battalion, by the right and left flanks.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1124. This movement will be executed by the commands and means prescribed for forming square from a halt, observing what follows.  At the first command, the captains of the two centre companies will caution their companies to continue the march to the front.  The color rank, and general guides will take their places in the ranks, and the color-bearer will take his place as indicated No. 1005.

0-1125. At the first command, by the colonel, the companies of skirmishers will execute what is prescribed No. 891.  At the command march, they will be faced by the left and right flanks respectively, and conducted to the position prescribed No. 1119.

Squares in four ranks.

1126. If the square formed in two ranks, according to the preceding rules, should not be deemed sufficiently strong, the colonel may cause the square to be formed in four ranks.

1127. The battalion being in column by company at half or full distance, right in front, and at a halt, when the colonel shall wish to form square in four ranks, he will first cause divisions to be formed, which being executed, he will command:

1. To form square in four ranks.  2. To half distance, close column.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1128. At the first command, the chief of the first division will caution the right company to face to the left, and the left company to face to the right.  The chiefs of the other divisions will caution their divisions to move forward.

0-1129. At the same command, the platoon columns will execute what is prescribed No. 1002, observing what follows.  The chief of the first platoon column, the moment it has its place in rear of the division next to the last, will break to the rear three files from the right flank of each platoon, and the chief of the second platoon column will do the same from the left flank of each platoon of his column.  At the command march, for the formation of the square, the skirmishers will move forward a platoon distance.

1130. At the command march, the right company of the first division will form into four ranks on its left file, and the left company into four ranks on its right file.  The formation ended, the chief of this division will align it by the left.

1131. The other divisions will move forward and double their files marching; the right company of each division will double on its left file, and the left company on its right file.  The formation completed, each chief of division will command: Guide left.  Each chief will halt his division when it shall have the distance of a company front in four ranks from the preceding one, the chief of the second division, counting from the rear rank of the one in front, and will align his division by the left.  At the instant the fourth division is halted, the file closers will move rapidly before its front rank.

1132. The colonel will form square, re-form column, and reduce square in four ranks, by the same commands and means as prescribed for a battalion in two ranks.

1133. If the square formed in four ranks be reduced and at a halt, and the colonel shall wish to form the battalion into two ranks, he will command:

1. In two ranks undouble files.  2. Battalion outward—FACE.  3. MARCH.

1134. At the first command, the captains will step before the centres of their respective companies, and those on the right will caution them to face to the right, and those on the left to face to the left.

1135. At the second command, the battalion will face to the right and left.

1136. At the command march, each company will undouble its files and re-form into two ranks, as indicated in the S. C., No. 387 and following.  Each captain will halt his company and face it to the front.  The formation completed, each chief of division will align his division by the left.

1137. At the same command, the files which are broken to the rear from the platoon columns, will be brought into line by their respective chiefs.

1138. If the column be in march, with divisions formed in four ranks, and the colonel shall wish to re-form them into two ranks, he will command:

1. Guide centre.  2. In two ranks, undouble files.  3. MARCH.

1139. The captain, placed in the centre of each division, will continue to march straight to the front, as will also the left file of the right company, and the right file of the left company.  Each company will then be re-formed into two ranks, as prescribed in the S. C.

1140. The battalion being formed into two ranks, the colonel will command: Guide left (or right).

1141. The battalion being in line, to form square in four ranks on one of the flank divisions, the colonel will command:

1. To form square, in four ranks. 2. Column at half distance, by division.  3. On the first (or fourth) division.  4. Battalion, right (or left)—FACE.  5. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1142. At the second command, each chief of division will place himself before the centre of his division, and caution it to face to the right.

1143. At the fourth command, the right guide of the first division will remain faced to the front, the battalion will face to the right.

1144. At the command march, the first file of four men of the first division will face to the front, remaining doubled.  All the other files of four men will step off together, and each in succession will close up to its proper distance on the file preceding it, and face to the front, remaining doubled.  When the last file shall have closed, the chief of division will command: Left—DRESS.

1145. The other divisions will ploy into column in the same manner as with a battalion in two ranks, observing what follows; the chiefs of division, instead of allowing their divisions to file past them on entering the column, will continue to lead them, and as each division shall arrive on a line with the right guide of the first division, its chief will halt the right guide, who will immediately face to the front; the first file of four men will also halt at the same time and face to the front, remaining doubled.  The second file will close on the first, and when closed, halt, and face to the front, remaining doubled.  All the other files will execute successively what has just been prescribed for the second.  When the last, file shall have closed, the chief of division will command: Left—DRESS.

0-1146. The companies of skirmishers will execute what is prescribed No. 1095, taking care to break files to the rear, as indicated No. 1129.

1147. If the battalion be in march, the colonel will command:

1. To form square, in four ranks.  2. On the first division, form column.  3. Battalion, by the right flank.  4. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1148. At the second command, each chief of division will step in front of the centre of his division and caution it to face by the right flank.  The chief of the first division will caution his covering sergeant to halt, and remain faced to the front.

1149. At the command march, the battalion will face to the right; the covering sergeant of the first division will halt and remain faced to the front, the first division will then form into four ranks as heretofore prescribed.  The other divisions will ploy into column in the same manner as if the movement had taken place from a halt.

0-1150. The companies of skirmishers, will execute what is prescribed No. 1098, taking care to break files to the rear, as indicated No. 1129.

1151. If the colonel should wish to form a perpendicular square in four ranks, by double column, he will command:

1. To form square, in four ranks.  2. Double column, at half distance.  3. Battalion inward—FACE.  4. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1152. At the second command, the captains of companies will place themselves before the centres of their respective companies, and caution those on the right to face to the left, and those on the left to face to the right. The captain of the fifth company will caution his covering sergeant to stand fast.

1153. At the third command, the battalion will face to the left and right; at the command march, the left file of the fourth, and the right file of the fifth company, will face to the front, remaining doubled.  The fourth company will close successively by file of fours on the left file, and the fifth company, in like manner, on the right file; the files will face to the front, remaining doubled.  The formation completed, the chief of division will command: Right dress.  The junior captain will place himself in the interval between the two companies.

1154. The other companies will close as prescribed for the double column in two ranks, observing what follows: each captain will halt the leading guide of his company the moment the head of his company arrives on a line with the centre of the column.  In the right companies, the left guides will step into the line of file closers, and the left file of four men will face immediately to the front, remaining doubled, and by the side of the right guide of the left company.  The companies will each form into four ranks, as prescribed No. 1144, the right companies on the left file, and the left companies on the right file.  The formation completed, the junior captain will place himself between the two companies, and the senior will command: Right dress.

0-1155. The companies of skirmishers will execute what is prescribed No. 1102, breaking files to the rear as indicated No. 1129.

1156. If the battalion be in march, the colonel will command:

1. To form square, in four ranks.  2. Form double column.  3. Battalion by the right and left flanks.  4. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1157. At the second command, the captains will place themselves before the centres of their respective companies, and those on the right will caution them to face by the left flank, and those on the left to face by the right flank; the captain of the fifth company will caution his covering sergeant to halt, and remain faced to the front.

1158. At the command march, the fourth and fifth companies will halt. The battalion will face to the left and right; the covering sergeant of the fifth company will halt and remain faced to the front, the movement will then be executed as if the battalion was at a halt.

0-1159. The companies of skirmishers, will execute what is prescribed No. 1105.

1160. The battalion being deployed, to form square in four ranks, forward on the centre, the colonel will command:

1. Forward on the centre, in four ranks, form square.  2. Battalion inward face.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

1161. This movement will be executed by the commands and means prescribed for the two-rank formation, observing what follows.  At the command march, the centre division will form in four ranks, as prescribed No. 1130.  The companies of the right and left wings, which wheel by file to the left and right, to form the second and third fronts of the square, will respectively, before wheeling, march straight-forward a distance equal to the front of a platoon.

0-1162. The companies of skirmishers will execute what is prescribed for them in the two-rank formation, taking care to conform to what is prescribed No. 1129.


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Transcribed by Scott Gutzke, 2004-2006.


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