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322. If, in establishing the line of battle on the third, the general shall wish to deploy the column on any other, say the second battalion, he will command:

1. Line of battle on the third battalion.  2. By battalion in mass, on the second battalion, deploy column.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

323. This movement will be executed according to the principles just prescribed, but observing what follows.

324. The markers w horn the general will cause to be established before the third battalion to serve as the basis of alignment, will be far enough apart to permit the battalion on which the deployment is made to pass between them.

325. At the first command the first and second battalions which are in advance of the line of battle, will face by the rear rank.

326. At the second command, the colonel of the second will caution his battalion to stand fast.  The colonels of the third and fourth will each command: Battalion, left—FACE.  The colonel of the first will command: 1. Guide right.  2. Battalion, left wheel.

327. As soon as the second battalion is unmasked, it will march; cross the line of battle, and when the first division has passed three paces beyond, the colonel will halt the battalion, face it by the front rank, and align it by the left.

328. When the third battalion has gained in marching by the flank, the twenty-two paces which ought to separate it from the second, its colonel will halt it, face it to the front, and establish it on the line of battle.

329. The other battalions will be deployed as in the preceding examples.

2nd. Faced to the rear.

330. When the general shall wish to deploy the column faced to the rear, he will cause it to execute the countermarch, and then deploy it by the commands and means prescribed for deploying face to the front.

3rd. Faced to the left.

331. A closed column, right in front, having to deploy by battalion in mass, faced to the left, will execute the movement in the following manner:

332. The general will first determine the line of battle, on the right flank of the column, then cause the battery to leave the column, and the interval between the first and last three battalions to be closed up.  He will then command:

1. Deploy faced to the left.  2. By battalion in mass, change direction by the right flank.

333. This having been repeated, each colonel will command: Battalion, right—FACE.

334. The general will then add:

3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

335. At this, briskly repeated, each battalion will execute a change of direction as indicated in the S. B., No. 365 and following, except that the chief of the first division of each battalion will place himself on the right of his division, after having aligned it.

336. The movement being ended, the general will command:

4. Guides—POSTS.

337. A column, left in front, will be deployed by battalion in mass, faced to the right, according to the same principles.

4th. Faced to the right.

338. A closed column, right in front, having to deploy by battalion in mass, faced to the right, it will change direction by the left flank, and then deploy by the means and commands above indicated; but as this movement is much longer than the preceding one, the general may, when circumstances require it, deploy the column by inversion, according to the principles prescribed for deploying faced to the left, observing what follows.

339. The general will first determine the line of battle on the left flank of the column, order out the battery, and close the intervals, as prescribed No. 332, and will then command:

1. Deploy by inversion faced to the right.  2. By battalion in mass, change direction by the left flank.  3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

340. This movement will be executed according to the principles prescribed No. 335.

341. The deployment being ended, the general will add:

4. Guides—POSTS.

342. The battalions being thus placed by inversion, the masses will be deployed into line of battle in the direct order, when each battalion will be, in respect to the others, in the inverse, whilst its own subdivisions are in the direct order.

343. A closed column, left in front, will be deployed by inversion faced to the left, according to the same principles.

5th. Oblique to the front or rear.

344. If the column is so oblique to the line of battle, as to require any considerable movement of the whole column, in order to establish a perpendicularity, the general will cause the line to be marked oblique to the column.

345. The deployments will be executed as prescribed No. 292 and following, observing what follows.

346. The battalions next to the one of formation will be governed in their movements by the direction of the line of battle.

REMARKS ON THE MOVEMENTS OF THE BATTALIONS OF THE SECOND LINE.

347. In taking wheeling distance preliminary to forming to the left or right into line of battle, in wheeling to the left or right into line, and in all the formations from column into line, if it is the intention of the general that the brigade shall be formed in two lines, he will, previously to the commencement of the movement, direct the colonels of the battalions constituting the second line, to move them out of the column, whence they will be marched to their proper positions in rear of the first line, under the direction of their chiefs.

REMARKS ON THE DISPOSITION OF THE BRIGADE BATTERY IN FORMATIONS FROM COLUMN INTO LINE.

348. In the successive formations from column into line, the brigade battery will generally take post on the flank of the brigade, and nearest the point d’appui of the formation.

349. It will endeavor to bring an oblique fire on the enemy, and will, if possible, silence the opposing artillery, before commencing fire on the infantry masses.

Movements which may be executed by a line of battalions in masses.

1st. The advance in line.

350. The line being deployed by battalion in mass, when the general shall, wish it to advance, he will designate the directing battalion (the third will here be supposed) then place himself in front of this battalion, verifying the direction of its guides in respect to their perpendicularity to the line of battle, rectify the direction, if necessary, and command:

1. The third the battalion of direction.

351. At this, the lieutenant-colonel of the directing battalion will place himself twenty-five or thirty paces in front of the guides, face to them, and establish himself correctly on their prolongation; the general, placing himself in rear of those guides, will verify the position of the lieutenant-colonel, rectify it, if necessary, and then command:

2. Battalions, forward.

352. This having been repeated, the colonel of the directing battalion will command: guide left, and the other colonels, guide left (or right), according as they may find themselves to the right or left of the directing battalion.

353. At this command, the right general guide of the directing battalion will place himself six paces in front of his left guides; the lieutenant-colonel will establish him on the perpendicular, and as soon as assured in that position, he will take points on the ground in conformity with what is prescribed in the S. B., No. 651.

354. The chief of the first division of the battalion to the left of the directing one will pass to the left of his division, taking post in the front rank, and the guide of that flank will fall back to the rear rank.

355. The lieutenant-colonel of every subordinate battalion will indicate to the guide of its headmost division the direction he ought to follow, and this guide will immediately take his points on the ground.

356. These dispositions being made, the general will add:

3. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

357. At this, briskly repeated, the line will put itself in movement; the general guide of the directing battalion will carefully conform himself to what is prescribed for the color-bearer in the S. B., No. 659; the guide of its headmost division will march exactly in the trace of the general guide, preserving the original distance of six paces from him, but without constraining himself, in this, to minute exactness; the guides of the other battalions will direct themselves perpendicularly to the front.

358. The lieutenant-colonel of each battalion, being, pending the march, placed by the side of the guide of his first division, will take care to maintain between his battalion and that next to its right or left, on the side of the direction, the interval of twenty-two paces.

359. The chief of each first division will maintain himself exactly abreast with its guide on the opposite flank, and will superintend the march of the division, according to what is prescribed in the S. B., No. 667 and following.

360. The other divisions will conform themselves to the rules for the march in column.

361. The colonels will hold themselves on the flanks of their respective battalions, each on the side of direction, and superintend the movement.

2nd. To halt the line, marching in advance, and to align it.

362. The line being in march, when the general shall wish to halt it, he will command:

1. Battalions.  2. HALT.

363. The line being halted, if the general wish to give a general alignment, he will place two markers before the directing battalion, and then command:

1. Guides on the line.

364. At this, the lieutenant-colonel of each subordinate battalion will place two markers before its head on the alignment of those established by the general; and the chief of each first division will pass to the flank of his division on the side of the direction.

365. As soon as the markers are correctly established on the line of battle, the colonels, without regulating themselves on each other, will align their battalions by the flank of direction in the manner prescribed No. 295.

366. The battalions being aligned, the general will command:

2. Guides—POSTS.

3rd. The line marching in advance, to cause it to change direction.

367. The line being in march, it is supposed that the general wishes to cause it to change direction to the right; he will go to the point at which he may wish the right of the new line to rest, and place two markers, one at the point d’appui, the other at division distance from the first.

368. These dispositions being made, the general will command:

1. Change direction to the right.

369. This having been repeated, the colonel of the first battalion will command: 1. Guide left; 2. Battalion, right wheel; at this command, the chief of the first division will place himself before the centre of his division.

370. The other colonels will each command: Guide right; at this command, the chief of each first division will place himself before its centre.

371. The general will then add:

2. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

372. At the command march, briskly repeated, the first battalion will change direction by wheeling, according to the principle prescribed in the S. B., No. 348 and following; its colonel will cause it to wheel until its front is parallel to the line of battle; he will then conduct it forward, halt it three paces from this line, and align it by the right.

373. The other battalions will be marched toward the line of battle, each executing in succession slight changes of direction to the right, so that, on arriving at twenty paces from that line, the headmost division may be parallel to it; to this end, the leading guide, advancing insensibly the left shoulder, will direct himself circularly to the right; the other guides will follow his movement in marching exactly in his trace, and the divisions will each conform itself to the movement of its guide as prescribed No. 154.

374. At the commencement of the movement, the lieutenant-colonel of the second battalion will place himself on the line of battle, and immediately establish a marker at twenty-two paces from the left flank of the first battalion, and another at division distance from the first, and at the instant of detaching himself, he will be replaced at the head of the column by its senior major.

375. The lieutenant-colonels of the other battalions will successively conform themselves to what has just been prescribed for the lieutenant-colonel of the second; each will precede his battalion, on the line of battle, by about fifty-five paces.

376. The movement ended, the general will add:

3. Guides—POSTS.

377. Changes of direction to the left will be executed according to the same principles and by inverse means.

REMARK.

378. It is essential that the battalion on which the movement is made should arrive perpendicularly to the line of battle; to this end, and conformably to the principle established in the S. B., No. 352, the colonel of this battalion will cause the step of the pivot to be shortened, if this should become necessary; and if, notwithstanding this precaution, some of the divisions be not able to conform themselves exactly to the movement of the first, they will, on halting the battalion, be promptly conducted by the flank into the true direction before the battalion is aligned.

4th. To march the line in retreat.

379. The line being at halt, when the general shall wish it to march in retreat, he will command:

Face by the rear rank.

380. This having been repeated, the battalions will face in the manner indicated in the S. B., No. 1223 and following; the chief of the fourth (or last) division of each battalion will place himself on the left of his division in the rear rank, now become the front rank, and the chief of each first division will place himself before its centre.

381. These dispositions being executed, the general will designate the directing battalion, and cause the direction to be traced as under the first head, to advance in line, No. 350, and then command:

1. Battalions, forward.

382. This having been repeated, the colonel of the directing battalion will command: guide right, and the other colonels, guide left (or right,) according as they may find themselves to the left or right of the directing battalion.

383. The general will then add:

2. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

384. The line will march in retreat according to the principles prescribed for marching in advance.

385. The line in march can be marched in retreat without halting by the commands and means indicated No. 380 and following, observing what follows.  The command: Right about will be substituted for the command, Face by the rear rank, and the command: Battalions forward will be omitted.

386. The general having halted the line, and wishing to face it by the front rank, will command:

Face by the front rank.

387. This having been repeated, each battalion will face by the front rank; which being executed, the chief of the first division will retake his place in line, and the chief of the fourth his in column.

5th. To change direction of the line marching in retreat.

388. The line marching in retreat will change direction by the same means and commands as if it were advancing, observing what follows.

389. It is supposed that the general wishes to change direction to the left; he will place two markers on the new direction, the first at the point d’appui, and the second at such distance from the first that the battalion may easily pass between them.

390. The first battalion will be conducted to and established on the new direction as indicated Nos. 368 and 372; but it will cross the line of battle: and when the first division has passed three paces beyond, the colonel will halt the battalion, and face it by the front rank.

391. As soon as the battalion faces, the guides of the first division will place themselves on the line of battle, and be assured in their positions by the lieutenant-colonel; which being done, the colonel will align the battalion by the right.

392. The other colonels will each direct his battalion so that it may arrive when at twenty paces, parallelly to the line of battle; he will then cause it to pass that line, between the two markers placed in advance by the lieutenant-colonel in the manner indicated No. 389.  When the first division has passed three paces beyond the line, the battalion will be halted, faced by the front rank, and aligned as prescribed for the first.

393. A line of battalion masses, left in front, will march and change direction, advancing and retreating, according to the same principles and inverse means; the fourth or last division of each mass will conform itself to what is prescribed for the first, and reciprocally.

6th. To break the line formed by battalion in mass, into column.

394. The line being at a halt, when the general shall wish to break it to the right into column by battalion, he will command:

1. By battalion, right in front, into column.

395. This having been repeated, the lieutenant-colonel of each battalion will place a marker before the left guide of its first division, and a second at division distance from the first in a direction perpendicular to the line of battle.

396. At the same time, each colonel will command: 1. Change direction by the left flank; 2. Battalion, left—FACE.

397. These dispositions being made, the general will add:

2. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

398. At this, each battalion will change direction by the means indicated in the S. B.

7th. To ploy the line of masses into column.

399. When a line of battalions in mass has to be ployed into column, as the battalions, by reason of their depth, and the smallness of the intervals between them, cannot be directed diagonally toward the points at which they ought respectively to enter the column, the movement will be executed in the following manner:

400. It will be supposed that the line ought to be ployed on the third battalion, right in front; the general will place himself in front of this battalion, and after assuring himself that the guides are correctly placed, he will command:

1. By battalion in mass, on the third battalion, right in front, into column.  2. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

401. At the first command, each colonel who finds himself to the right of the directing battalion, will command: 1. Column, forward.  2. Guide left.

402. The colonel to the left of the directing battalion, will give the same commands after causing his battalion to face about.

403. At the command march, the movement will commence: the first and second battalions will march to the front, and when the last division of the second battalion shall have passed division distance, beyond the first division of the third, the colonel will cause his battalion to face to the left, in marching, in order to take its place in column; when the left guides arrive on the direction of those of the third, the colonel of the second will halt it, and cause it to face to the front.

404. At the moment of halting, the left guides, facing to the rear, will place themselves on the prolongation of those of the third battalion; and the lieutenant-colonel, placed in their rear, will assure them on the direction; which being done, the colonel will cause his battalion to be aligned by the left, and then order the guides to face about.

405. The colonel of the first battalion will conform himself to what has just been prescribed for the colonel of the second, as his last division has passed division distance beyond the front rank, first division, of the battalion which entered the column next before his own.

406. The fourth battalion will enter the column in like manner; the colonel of the fourth will cause it to face to the left in marching, when its first division has passed division distance beyond the rear rank, last division, of the third battalion, and he will halt his battalion when its left guides are on the direction of those of the third.

407. At the moment of halting, the guides of the fourth will promptly place themselves on the prolongation of those of the third battalion, and the lieutenant-colonel will assure them on that direction; which being done, the colonel will cause his battalion to be aligned by the left.

408. A line of masses will be ployed into column, left in front, according to the same principles and by inverse means.

409. If the line of battalions in mass are in march, the column can be formed either in rear of the first, or last battalion of the line, without halting, by the commands and means prescribed No. 399 and following; and by the principles indicated No. 199 and following, S. B., observing what follows.  The battalions to the right or left of the one of formation, will face by the left or right flank, instead of facing about, and each will take its place in column, as soon as able to pass.

REMARKS ON FORMING A COLUMN CLOSED IN MASS, FROM A LINE OF BATTALIONS IN MASS.

410. If it is found expedient to give a greater concentration to the troops, the general may form the whole column closed in mass, with a distance of but six paces between the division guides.

8th. To take deploying intervals from a line formed by battalions in mass.

411. The line being at a halt, when the general shall wish to take deploying intervals by battalion in mass, on any battalion, say the third, he will cause two markers to be placed in front of that battalion, a little less than division distance apart, and three paces in front of the line; he will then cause the line to be prolonged, to the right and left, by the means prescribed No. 291.

412. These dispositions being made, the general will command:

1. By battalion in mass, on the third battalion, take deploying intervals.  2. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

413. At the first command, the colonel of the third will caution his battalion to stand fast; the colonels of the first two battalions, will command: 1. Right face; 2. Battalion forward, guide left.  The colonel of the fourth, will command: 1. Left face; 2. Battalion forward, guide right.

414. At the command march, briskly repeated, the colonel of the third will establish his battalion on the markers in front, dressing it to the left, in the manner prescribed No. 295; the first, second, and fourth battalions will put themselves in march by the flanks, and when each of the battalions on the right of the directing one, separates itself from the battalion on its left, a distance equal to twenty-two paces and the front of three divisions, its colonel will halt it, face it to the front, and dress it to the left upon the markers, which have been established by the lieutenant-colonel.

415. The colonel of the fourth, when he has separated his battalion a like distance from the third, will halt it, face it to the front, and dress it to the right upon the markers, as indicated above.

416. The lieutenant-colonels of the battalions, other than the third, will each establish for his battalion, two markers on the line of battle, in the manner indicated No. 269.

417. The movement being ended, the general will command:

3. Guides—POSTS.

418. If, however, it should be the wish of the general to establish the battalions in mass, at deploying intervals, on a line of battle in front of the present one, either parallel or oblique to it, he will establish two markers to indicate where the battalion of direction, say the third, shall rest, and cause the line of battle to be marked, as prescribed No. 291.

419. [Editors note: Paragraph 419 is not listed in the original document – it is probably a type-o.]

420. These dispositions being made, the general will then command:

1. By battalion in mass, forward, on the third battalion, take deploying intervals.  2. MARCH (or double quick—MARCH).

421. At the first command, the colonels of different battalions, seeing the position of the markers of the directing battalion, will give such cautionary commands as shall be necessary, in order to direct their battalions toward their positions on the new line of battle.

422. At the command march, briskly repeated, the battalions will be put in march, and, conducted by their colonels, will be established in their proper posts on the new line of battle.

423. The lieutenant-colonels, as prescribed No. 269, will each precede his battalion upon the new line of battle, and establish markers to indicate where the head of his battalion shall rest.

424. The movement being ended, the general will command:

3. Guides—POSTS.

REMARKS ON THE DISPOSITIONS OF THE COMPANIES OF SKIRMISHERS IN A LINE OF BATTALIONS IN MASS.

0-425. Whenever the battalions are formed by mass into line of battle, with an interval of twenty-two paces between them, the platoon columns of skirmishers of each battalion will take a position closed in mass in rear of its last division; the first platoon column, in rear of the outer platoon of the right company, and the second platoon column in rear of the outer platoon of the left company.  In marching in advance, or retreat, or in changing direction, they will retain this position.  On the formation of column, or when deploying intervals are taken, the skirmishers will resume their proper places, as prescribed in the S. B.


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Transcribed by Scott Gutzke, 2004-2006.


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